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Citation Style Guides

This Research Guide was designed to provide you with assistance in citing your sources when writing an academic paper.

APA Style


The American Psychological Association publishes the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association as its style manual for the social sciences disciplines. It is also used by other disciplines as a handbook for authorship of papers.

The most recent edition, the sixth edition, was published in 2010. This edition can be found in the Ready Reference section of the Library. The call number is Ready Reference BF 76.7 P83 2010. Listed below are examples of sample citations.

APA Formating Rules

Here are some general rules on how to format your paper: 
  • Margins
    • Page margins should be set 1 inch on top, bottom, left and right
  • Font
    • Times New Roman, 12 font size
  • Double Space
    • Double-space throughout your paper, on standard white paper
  • Cover page
    • First page should include: full title, your name, course name and number, instructor's name, and the date
    • Center and double-space all information
    • A running header with consecutive page numbering should appear flush right in the upper right-hand corner of each page, including the title page. This running header will appear one-half inch from the top of the page, and should contain a short version of the title, followed by the page number.

Reference Page: General Rules

Here are some general rules on how to format your references page: 
  • The reference list appears at the end of your paper
  • Each cited source must be on the reference list and each entry on the reference list must be cited in the text
  • Begin the reference list on a new page
  • Label the page "References"; centered at the top
  • Double-space all the text on the page
  • Indent one-half inch from the left margin all the lines after the first line (hanging indentation)
  • Invert the authors' names; give the last name first, then the initials for the first name
  • Alphabetize the entries by the last name of the author of each work. If there is more than one work by the same author, arrange them in order of publication date, from oldest to most recent.
  • For two or more authors, separate the names by commas and use "&" instead of "and" for the last name mentioned.
  • Write the full title of the journal; maintaining the punctuation and capitalization used in the journal title
  • Capitalize all major words in journal titles
  • When referring to books, chapters, articles, or Web pages, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns. Do not capitalize the first letter of the second word in a hyphenated compound word.
Please note:These are basic guidelines, for more detailed information, consult the APA Manual. You can view a sample APA paper at the OWL at Purdue website. (Refer to page 9 for an example of a reference page).

Print Sources

Electronic Sources

APA Quick Guide - Easybib