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Citation Style Guides

This Research Guide was designed to provide you with assistance in citing your sources when writing an academic paper.

ASA Style


The American Sociological Association publishes the American Sociological Association Style Guide as its style manual for sociology. 

The most recent edition, the forth edition, was published in 2010. This edition can be found in the Reserve Desk section of the Library. The call number is HM 569. A54 2010. Listed below are examples of sample citations.

ASA Formating Rules

Here are some general rules on how to format your paper: 
  • Margins
    • Margins should be at least 1 1/4 inches on all sides, or as required by course instructor
  • Font
    • 12 font size
  • Double Space
    • Double-space throughout your paper, including footnotes
  • Title page
    • Include the full title of the article, authors' name and institution, a running head, the word count of the document (including footnotes and references), and a title footnote
  • Abstract
    • Begins on a separate page, following the title page, with the title repeated as a heading
    • One paragraph (max. 200 words)
  • Key Words
    • Include three to five keywords

Reference Page: General Rules

Here are some general rules on how to format your references page: 
  • The reference list appears at the end of your paper
  • Each cited source must be on the reference list and each entry on the reference list must be cited in the text
  • Begin the reference list on a new page
  • Label the page "References"; centered at the top
  • Double-space all the text on the page
  • Indent one-half inch from the left margin all the lines after the first line (hanging indentation)
  • Invert the authors' names; give the last name first, then the first name
  • List all authors. It is not acceptable to use et al. in the References section unless the work was authored by a committee.
  • Alphabetize the entries by the last name of the author of each work. If there is more than one work by the same author, arrange them in order of publication date, from oldest to most recent.
Please note:These are basic guidelines, for more detailed information, consult the ASA Style Guide.

Print Resources

Electronic Sources

Articles and books obtained from the Internet follow the same pattern as print sources, with the exception that the URL and date of access are included.