One of the most frequently used style manuals for citing sources is the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, which is published by the Modern Language Association.
The most recent edition, the eighth edition, was published in 2016. Copies of this edition are found in the Ready Reference section of the Library. The call number is Ready Reference LB 2369 .G53 2016. Listed below are examples of sample citations.
Works Cited Page: General Rules
Here are some general rules on how to format your Works Cited page:
The works cited page appears at the end of your paper
Each cited source must be on the works cited page and each entry on the works cited page must be cited in the text of your paper
Begin the works cited page on a new page
Number each page, continuing the page numbers of the paper
Label the page "Works Cited"; centered at the top
Double-space all the text on the page
Indent one-half inch from the left margin all the lines after the first line (hanging indentation)
Capitalize each word in titles of articles, books, etc, do not capitalize article, prepositions or conjunctions
Italicize titles of larger works and quotation marks for titles of shorter works
Invert the authors' names; give the last name first, then the first name
Alphabetize the entries by the last name of the author of each work
Please note: These are basic guidelines, for more detailed information, consult the MLA Manual. You can view a sample MLA paper at the OWL at Purdue website. (Refer to page 12 for an example of a Works Cited page).
MLA 8th Edition: Guiding Principles
Major Changes in the 8th Edition
A Journal Article Retrieved from a Database
A source in two containers -
1. Author: Lorensen, Jutta.
2. Title of source: "Between Image and Word, Color, and Time: Jacob Lawrence's The Migration Series."
Source: Works Cited: A Quick Guide
Works Cited entries: Format Examples
Some parts of this page were adapted from the Citing Sources (Citation Styles) LibGuide created by Britt McGowan, Reference & Instruction Librarian at the University of West Florida.
The American Psychological Association publishes the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association as its style manual for the social sciences disciplines. It is also used by other disciplines as a handbook for authorship of papers.
The most recent edition, the seventh edition, was published in 2020. This edition can be found in the Ready Reference section of the Library at the Reference Desk on the first floor. The call number is Ready Reference BF 76.7 P83 2020. Listed below are examples of sample citations.
APA Formating Rules
Here are some general rules on how to format your paper:
How do I create a citation?
A proper citation must include all of the elements in the example below when they are available.
Reference Page: General Rules
Here are some general rules on how to format your references page:
Please note: These are basic guidelines, for more detailed information, consult the APA Manual. You can view a sample APA paper at the OWL at Purdue website. (Refer to page 9 for an example of a reference page).
The newest version of the publication manual: the 7th edition was officially released in October 2019. Students: you should always check with your professor whether they’re expecting the 7th edition or the 6th edition.
Source: Elias, Daniel. “APA Style 7th Edition: What's Changed?” MyBib, MyBib, 14 Sept. 2019.
The following links provide more information on how to cite using MLA or APA
Use these websites to help you create citations.