One of the most frequently used style manuals for citing sources is the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, which is published by the Modern Language Association.
The most recent edition, the eighth edition, was published in 2016. Copies of this edition are found in the Ready Reference section of the Library. The call number is Ready Reference LB 2369 .G53 2016. Listed below are examples of sample citations.
Works Cited Page: General Rules
Here are some general rules on how to format your Works Cited page:
The works cited page appears at the end of your paper
Each cited source must be on the works cited page and each entry on the works cited page must be cited in the text of your paper
Begin the works cited page on a new page
Number each page, continuing the page numbers of the paper
Label the page "Works Cited"; centered at the top
Double-space all the text on the page
Indent one-half inch from the left margin all the lines after the first line (hanging indentation)
Capitalize each word in titles of articles, books, etc, do not capitalize article, prepositions or conjunctions
Italicize titles of larger works and quotation marks for titles of shorter works
Invert the authors' names; give the last name first, then the first name
Alphabetize the entries by the last name of the author of each work
Please note: These are basic guidelines, for more detailed information, consult the MLA Manual. You can view a sample MLA paper at the OWL at Purdue website. (Refer to page 12 for an example of a Works Cited page).
Major Changes in the 8th Edition
A Journal Article Retrieved from a Database
A source in two containers -
1. Author: Lorensen, Jutta.
2. Title of source: "Between Image and Word, Color, and Time: Jacob Lawrence's The Migration Series."
Source: Works Cited: A Quick Guide
Open Educational Resources (OER)
Cite an OER the same way you would cite any work. The following is a sample citation for a writing course available online as an OER:
“Technical Writing (ENGL 235).” OER Commons, 31 Oct. 2011, www.oercommons.org/courses/technical-writing-engl-235.
Sparks, Sarah D. “Open Educational Resources (OER): Overview and Definition.” Education Week, Editorial Projects in Education, 12 Apr. 2017, www.edweek.org/ew/issues/open-educational-resources-oer/index.html.
Source: “How Do I Cite an Open Educational Resource?” MLA Style Center, 16 Feb. 2021.
MLA Online Sources
The following links provide more information on how to cite using MLA.
Use these websites to help you create citations.